Abstract:After one hundred years from beginning of the World War I we remember the past events and talk about their consequences. How and when decisions were made, where was shot first bullet which marked the beginning of the War which will take more than 20 million victims in the world.
Activities:Meet with historical events that are happen in Belgrade during I World War
Sightseeing tour of Pionir Park and its monuments
Terazije (Krsmanovićeva house, Viktorić pharmacy, hotel Moskva)
Sightseeing of Kalemegdan fortress
Visit to Topčider park and monument dedicated to Archibald Reiss
Visit to monuments dedicated to Germain and Serbian soldiers on Košutnjak
Visit to Soldiers monument on Avala Mt.
We start the tour from Slavija Square walking a few corners to the building of the former Austro-Hungarian consulate. Continuing to the former Court Park, today Pioneers' Park, we arrive to the Lookout of the Serbian High Command brought here from the Thessaloniki Front. We pass by the old royal courts and get to Terazije Square where we will first see Krsmanovic House in which on December 1st, 1918 representatives of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes met to unite into one state. Not far is the place where used to stand the Viktorovic Pharmacy, that held an important role in the 1914 battle over Belgrade. Nextdoor is Hotel Moscow, the famous hangout of the officers of the „Unification or Death“ association. Only a hundred meters downhill lies Zeleni Venac Market around which used to stand cafés frequented by Gavrilo Princip and his young friends. We continue to Toplicin Venac where instead of today’s park in 1915 used to stand an ad hoc cemetery of Austro-Hungarian and German soldiers killed in street battles. The park was then adorned by a memorial drinking well erected by occupying troops while today in it stands the Monument to Vojvoda Vuk, the commander of Yugoslav volunteer troops. Across the old streets of Kosancicev venac we come up to the point where first shots of World War One were fired. In Kalemegdan Park we will stop in front of the Monument of Gratitude to France. Walking through the Belgrade Fortress, scene of heavy fighting 1914-15 we reach Ruzica Church, the former garrison church.